Formal Definition

A factor associated with both the exposure and the outcome, and not part of the causal pathway from exposure to outcome

Kahlert J, Gribsholt SB, Gammelager H, Dekkers OM, Luta G. Control of confounding in the analysis phase - an overview for clinicians. Clin Epidemiol. 2017;9:195–204. Published 2017 Mar 31. doi:10.2147/CLEP.S129886
  • Categories: Clinical trials